Pulmonary cryptococcosis with pulmonary cavitation is rare, especially in immunocompetent cryptococcosis patients. We describe here a case of rapidly progressive pulmonary with cavitation in an immunocompetent woman. A 29-year-old woman had a routine chest X-ray as part of a routine examination. The chest X-ray showed pulmonary nodules. She was diagnosed as having bacterial pneumonia even though she had no symptoms and was treated with ampicillin orally. A chest X-ray was repeated 12 days later as follow-up which showed an increase in the nodules. She continued to be asymptomatic and had a normal lung examination. Her complete blood count revealed a normal white blood cell count and her anti-human immunodeficiency virus test was normal, as were her immunoglobulin levels and CD4 counts. She had a computed tomography (CT) scan of the lungs that showed two pulmonary nodules, one with cavitation. She then underwent a CT guided needle biopsy of the cavitary lesion which revealed pulmonary cryptococcosis. A serum latex cryptococcal antigen test revealed a titer of 1:32. She was treated with fluconazole 400 mg IV daily for 7 days, followed by oral fluconazole 200 mg daily for a year. The cavitary lesion gradually disappeared and the nodules decreased in size. A follow-up CT 1 year later was normal. Although rarer cryptococcosis of the lungs with pulmonary cavitation can occur in otherwise healthy patients, requiring long term treatment to improve.
Key words: DISEASE
Accession Number: WOS:000394406900020